Concussion Information

What is a concussion: A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury(TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. Doctors may describe a concussion as a "mild" brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. However, sports-related head injuries and concussions can have serious consequences for students, including long-term health and educational issues if they are not properly managed.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services now requires that all schools subject to the Massachusetts Interscholastic Athletic Association (MIAA) rules adhere to the following law:DPH 105 CMR 201.000. Student-athletes and marching band members, their parents, coaches, athletic directors, athletic trainers, volunteers, school nurses, and healthcare providers (physicians, nurse practitioners) must learn about the consequences of head injuries, and concussions through training programs and written materials. The Athletic Director will inform students and their parents about what must be turned in as proof of this training at the pre-season meeting.

Two free on-line courses are available and contain all the information required by law:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/online_training.html

http://www.nfhslearn.com/electiveDetail.aspx?courseID=15000


The written materials can be found at:

Student-Athletes:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/Athletes_Fact_Sheet-a.pdf(English)

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/Athletes_Fact_Sheet_Spanish-a.pdf(Spanish)

Parents:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/Parents_Fact_Sheet-a.pdf(English)

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/Parents_Fact_Sheet­_Spanish-a.pdf(Spanish)

Coaches:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/Coach_Guide-a.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/pdf/coaches_Engl.pdf

School Nurses:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/schools.html


The law requires that athletes, marching band members, and their parents inform their coaches about prior head injuries at the beginning of the season. This Pre-Participation Head Injury/Concussion Reporting Formcan be printed out from this link:

http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/com-health/injury/preparticipation-reporting-form.pdf

It will be REQUIRED to have this form filled out and returned to the Athletic Director prior to any student-athlete or marching band member's participation in their season.

If a student-athlete exhibits any signs or symptoms of a concussion, the law now mandates taking the student out of play or practice, and requires a written certification from a licensed medical professional for "return to play." This Post Sports-Related Head Injury Medical Clearance and Authorization Form can be printed out from this link:

http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/com-health/injury/posthead-injury-clearance-form.pdf

It will be REQUIRED to have this form filled out and returned to the Athletic Director prior to resumption of a student-athlete or marching band member's participation in their activities.

It could occur that a student-athlete or marching band member receives a concussion outside of school-related extracurricular activities. He/she will need to follow the same protocols as if it had taken place during practice or a game. In this case, a parent must fill out and turn into the school nurse the Report of Head Injury During Sports Season Form which can be printed out from this link:

http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/com-health/injury/in-season-report-form.pdf


AdditionalResources

Massachusetts Concussion Regulations:

http://www.lawlib.state.ma.us/source/mass/cmr/cmrtext/105CMR201.pdf

Center for Disease Control and Prevention:

http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/

Brain Injury Association of Massachusetts:

http://www.biama.org/

Massachusetts General Hospital for Children Youth Sports Concussion Clinic:

http://www.massgeneral.org/children/services/treatmentprograms.aspx?id=1664

Children's Hospital Boston:

http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site3156/mainpageS3156P0.html

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